The ketogenic diet (aka "keto diet" or just "keto"), which was developed in the 1920s as a therapy for emphasizes is a popular diet that emphasizes fats and proteins while strictly restricting carbohydrates and sugars. Because carbohydrate control is key in Type 2 diabetes management, it may appear that keto would be a go-to diet for diabetics.
Diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, has been found to benefit from the ketogenic diet. Here are some of the ways the keto diet can help:
Lowers blood sugar levels: The keto diet is a low-carbohydrate diet that restricts high-carbohydrate items that might induce blood sugar rises. The keto diet, by decreasing carbohydrate intake, can help lower blood sugar levels, which is especially helpful for diabetics.
Improves insulin sensitivity: Insulin is a hormone that aids in blood sugar regulation. Insulin resistance can occur in persons with type 2 diabetes, which means their cells become less receptive to insulin, resulting in higher blood sugar levels. The keto diet has been demonstrated to improve insulin sensitivity, allowing the body to regulate blood sugar levels more effectively.
Weight loss is promoted by the keto diet, which is especially essential for persons with type 2 diabetes because obesity is a risk factor for acquiring the condition. Those with type 2 diabetes can improve their blood sugar management and lessen their need for medication by losing weight on the keto diet.
Reduces inflammation: Research has linked chronic inflammation to the progression of type 2 diabetes and other chronic disorders. The keto diet promotes the use of anti-inflammatory foods such as healthy fats and non-starchy vegetables, which can aid in the reduction of inflammation in the body.
Improves lipid profile: The keto diet has been proven to enhance lipid profile by boosting HDL cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol) and decreasing triglycerides, which is essential for diabetics because they are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
When beginning the keto diet, people with diabetes should consult with a healthcare practitioner or certified dietitian to ensure adequate blood sugar monitoring and medication changes. The keto diet may not be appropriate for everyone, especially those with specific medical conditions or who are on certain medications.
Frequently Asked Questions
Does a keto/low-carb diet produce insulin resistance?
There is some debate among experts about whether a keto or low-carb diet can lead to insulin resistance. Some studies suggest that a diet low in carbohydrates and high in fat can lead to insulin resistance over time, while others have found no such effect.
Insulin resistance occurs when the body's cells become less sensitive to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. This can lead to high blood sugar levels and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Some studies have suggested that a keto or low-carb diet can lead to insulin resistance because of the high levels of fat in the diet, which can lead to the accumulation of fat in the liver and muscle tissue. However, other studies have found that a low-carb diet can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control.
It's important to note that the effects of a keto or low-carb diet on insulin sensitivity may vary depending on individual factors such as genetics, age, and level of physical activity. It's also important to ensure that you are consuming a balanced and nutrient-dense diet that includes plenty of vegetables, healthy fats, and high-quality sources of protein.
Overall, more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between a keto or low-carb diet and insulin resistance. It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new diet or making significant changes to your diet or lifestyle.
Can you increase insulin sensitivity while on a keto diet?
Yes, it is possible to increase insulin sensitivity while on a keto diet. Some studies have found that a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control.
One way that a keto diet may improve insulin sensitivity is by promoting weight loss. Obesity is a major risk factor for insulin resistance, and losing weight can help to improve insulin sensitivity.
In addition, a keto diet can help to reduce inflammation, which is another factor that can contribute to insulin resistance. By consuming foods that are high in healthy fats, antioxidants, and other anti-inflammatory compounds, you can help to reduce inflammation in your body and improve insulin sensitivity.
Finally, a keto diet may also help to improve insulin sensitivity by reducing the amount of sugar and refined carbohydrates in your diet. When you consume a diet that is high in sugar and refined carbohydrates, it can lead to spikes in blood sugar levels and insulin secretion, which can contribute to insulin resistance over time.
Overall, a keto diet can be a useful tool for improving insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control. However, it's important to ensure that you are consuming a balanced and nutrient-dense diet that includes plenty of vegetables, healthy fats, and high-quality sources of protein. It's also a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new diet or making significant changes to your diet or lifestyle.
What could cause high fasting insulin on a ketogenic diet?
Several potential factors could cause a high fasting insulin level on a ketogenic diet. Here are a few possibilities:
Insulin resistance: While a ketogenic diet can improve insulin sensitivity in many people, some individuals may still have underlying insulin resistance that persists even on a low-carb diet. This can cause their body to produce more insulin to regulate blood sugar levels, leading to high fasting insulin levels.
Too much protein: Consuming too much protein on a ketogenic diet can cause the body to produce insulin to process the amino acids from the protein. If you are consuming more protein than your body needs, this could contribute to a high fasting insulin level.
Stress: Chronic stress can lead to elevated levels of cortisol, which can cause insulin resistance and lead to higher fasting insulin levels.
Medications: Some medications, such as corticosteroids and antipsychotics, can cause insulin resistance and lead to higher fasting insulin levels.
If you are experiencing high fasting insulin levels on a ketogenic diet, it's important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. This may involve adjusting your macronutrient ratios, reducing stress levels, or making other lifestyle changes.
Why and how does losing weight reduce insulin resistance?
Fat loss: Obesity is a major risk factor for insulin resistance. When you lose weight, particularly visceral fat (fat stored around your organs), it can help to improve insulin sensitivity.
Improved inflammation: Obesity and excess weight can cause chronic low-grade inflammation in the body, which can contribute to insulin resistance. Weight loss can help to reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity.
Improved glucose metabolism: When you lose weight, your body may be better able to regulate blood sugar levels and respond to insulin. This can help to reduce insulin resistance and improve glucose metabolism.